Mobile network entities

Base Station Subsystem vs Network Switching Subsystem in GSM

BSS and NSS in GSM networks are subsystems that consist of various network components to support radio and core network functions. BSS deals with the mobile radio network whereas NSS deals with the mobile core network. BSS in GSM networks refers to Base Station Subsystem which is essentially the radio access part of a GSM …

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Radio Access Network (RAN): GERAN, UTRAN, E-UTRAN and NG-RAN

The radio access network (RAN), also known as a radio network, is one of the most fundamental parts of the overall mobile cellular network. It creates a wireless connection between the SIM-enabled mobile cellular devices and the mobile network. A Radio Access Network (RAN) is an essential part of the mobile network which uses radio …

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Cell sites and cell towers in a mobile cellular network

We use our mobile phones every day, and we can connect to the cellular network for phone calls, text messages and mobile data no matter where we go. While the network coverage and quality depend on which mobile operator we are using, the connectivity is available irrespective of our location and mobility. This is because …

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What is a mobile core network?

A mobile core network is essential to every activity we perform through our mobile phones. It connects our mobile phones to external networks and allows us to access all the services that we are entitled to use. A mobile core network is a central part of the overall mobile network that allows subscribers to get …

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OSS vs BSS: What are OSS and BSS systems in mobile networks?

OSS and BSS are an essential part of a mobile network, and while they perform different tasks, the terms OSS and BSS are interrelated. OSS and BSS are network entities or systems representing the operational and business sides of a mobile telecom network. OSS supports network operations tasks such as performance, faults, configuration, provisioning, network …

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Small cells: What are microcells, femtocells and picocells?

Femtocells, picocells and microcells are types of small cells that complement the primary cellular coverage provided by the macrocells within a mobile network. The macrocells are the largest cells in mobile communications that cover tens of kilometres, whereas femtocells are the smallest cells. Femtocells, picocells and microcells are small cells that allow a mobile operator …

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