EDGE 2G or 3G: Is EDGE in GSM a 2G or 3G technology?

EDGE is a network enhancement in second-generation (2G) GSM networks and is represented by an E symbol on cell phones. It is a successor of the GPRS enhancement that introduced the packet-switched mobile internet in GSM networks. EDGE or Enhanced Data for Global Evolution is a 2G technology introduced in GSM networks to increase the …

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VoLTE in 5G: Is VoLTE used in 5G New Radio (NR) networks?

VoLTE stands for Voice over LTE, and it is a technology that facilitates real-time communication services, including voice calls and SMS in 4G LTE (Long Term Evolution) networks. While VoLTE was originally developed for 4G LTE networks, it can also be used in 5G New Radio (NR) networks. VoLTE or Voice over LTE is a …

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VoLTE vs VoIP: Is Voice over LTE the same as Voice over IP?

VoLTE and VoIP are two interrelated technologies that enable voice services over data networks. VoLTE is a vital part of mobile cellular networks, while VoIP is a broader technology that is used in fixed and mobile networks. Voice over LTE (VoLTE) in 4G mobile networks is a type of Voice over IP (VoIP) technology that …

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4G vs GPRS: What is the difference between 4G LTE and GPRS?

4G and GPRS represent two different generations of mobile networks, and our mobile phones can access both to connect to the cellular network. However, while both 4G LTE and GPRS enable packet-switched mobile data, 4G is one of the latest cellular technologies, and GPRS is one of the earliest technologies. 4G is the fourth generation …

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GPS vs GPRS vs GSM: How is GPS different from GPRS and GSM?

GPS is an entirely different technology compared to GPRS and GSM. GPS is used for satellite navigation, whereas GPRS and GSM are mobile communications technologies. However, since these acronyms sound a bit similar, it is possible to get confused between them. GPRS or General Packet Radio Service is a cellular technology enhancement in 2G GSM …

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HSCSD and GPRS: GPRS vs High-Speed Circuit Switched Data

High-Speed Circuit Switched Data (HSCSD) and General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) are network enhancements made to the second-generation (2G) GSM networks. The HSCSD technology is now obsolete; however, GPRS is still around and can be seen on mobile phones as the “G” symbol when 2G GSM networks serve a phone. HSCSD (High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data) was …

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How is 5G different from LTE Advanced and LTE Advanced Pro?

The 5G networks are already operational in many countries, and, as expected, there are some questions about the differences between 5G and the existing LTE (Long Term Evolution) technology. 5G represents the latest generation of mobile cellular networks, and it is different from 4G LTE networks. 5G is the fifth generation of mobile networks enabled …

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Difference between MU-MIMO and SU-MIMO in mobile networks

Multi-User MIMO (MU-MIMO) and Single-User MIMO (SU-MIMO) are two antenna technologies used in modern wireless networks, including 4G and 5G mobile networks. While both MU-MIMO and SU-MIMO are part of the overall Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) technology, there are key differences between the two that we will cover in this post. MU-MIMO uses radio …

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Is spatial multiplexing different from spatial diversity?

Spatial multiplexing and spatial diversity are two radio communication techniques used in modern antenna systems in 4G LTE and 5G NR networks. Both these techniques play essential but separate roles in the MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) antenna systems. Spatial diversity is a technique in MIMO that reduces signal fading by sending multiple copies of …

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